The purpose of Transport Statistics publication is to present the results and indicators related to transport, which are the basis for monitoring trends, flows and structure in different types of transport. The monthly publication presents indicators on the flow of goods and the number of passengers moving each month according to different modes of transport such as by sea, air and rail. The Ministry of Infrastructure and Energy is the responsible institution for the development of transport policies in the country as well as the main source providing INSTAT with a comprehensive administrative information system in the field of transport.
Road transport statistics include indicators on road vehicle inventory by group, road network length, road vehicle accidents, investments and road network maintenance.
The statistics on rail transport include number of passenger and volume of goods transported through the rail system, length of rail lines in use, rail transport volumes, infrastructure, means of transport, investment and maintenance of railway infrastructure and accidents.
The length of the railway line in the country is 334 km. Rail transport is concentrated in regions of Durrës, Elbasan, Shkodra, Tirana, Vlora.
Statistics on maritime transport include the number of passengers for each port in the country and the volume of loading and unloading by port and structure.
Statistics on air transport include the number of flights and overpasses, the number of passengers departing each month, the number of airlines operating in the country, the amount of goods transported by air, and mail sent by air expressed in kg.
2 Legal Basis
Transport Statistics legal basis are based on Law No. 17/2018 "On Official Statistics" and Official Statistics National Program for the period 2017-2021.
Transport statistics are based on European Regulations which govern the production of these statistics. In order to be comparable with European Member States statistics, Transport statistics are produced by applying the Regulations for each mode of transport:
3 Sources and methods of data collection
The data used to produce the Transport statistics are administrative data. The data source is Ministry of Infrastructure and Energy.
4 Reference period
Transport statistics refer to monthly and annually data. The data on Transport Statistics is published approximately 27 days after the end of the reference month according to the predetermined date in the INSTAT publication calendar. Some statistics are published on an annual basis.
5 Classification and definitions
The Standard Classification of Goods for Transport Statistics, which is briefly known as NST 2007, is used to classify goods by means of transport. This classification is used for goods transported through four modes of transport: roads, railways, inland waterways and sea.
NST 2007 is fully related to the Classification of Products and Activities, CPA 2008 and the Nomenclature of Economic Activities (NACE Rev. 2). Consequently, NST 2007 is also in line with United Nations counterpart classifications (CPC and ISIC) and Combined Nomenclature (CN) 2007. This classification can be found at the link below:
Standard Goods Nomenclature for Transport Statistics, NST 2007
Traffic – is the movement of vehicles, passengers and goods. It is shown as the number of passengers who have arrived or departed, or as the quantity of goods arrived or dispatched at stations (railway stations, bus stations, ports, airports, depots, etc.).
Road transport - Any movement of goods and / or passengers using a road vehicle on a given road network.
Roads are classified according to three internationally comparable types: Motorway, Road inside a built-up area, other road (outside built-up area).
Motorways - are public roads intended for long-distance transport of motor vehicles and are part of the motorway connections with neighboring countries. Special junctions for driving onto and off the motorways (the so called on ramps and off ramps or exits) are a part of motorways.
Length of road - The length of the road is the distance between its start and end point.
Passenger road vehicle - A road vehicle designed, exclusively or primarily, to carry one or more persons.
Special purpose passenger cars - are passenger cars designed for purposes other than the carriage of passengers. This category includes e.g. fire brigade vehicles, ambulances, funeral vehicles, driving school vehicles, racing vehicles and other passenger vehicles not specified elsewhere.
Goods road vehicles - Road vehicle designed, exclusively or primarily, to carry goods. It includes categories N and O of the UN Consolidated Resolution on the Construction of Vehicles (R.E. 3).
Railway transport - Any movement of goods and/or passengers using a railway vehicle on a given railway network.
Length of tracks – It is the length for a given section of railway between the mid-point of the building of the departure station and the mid-point of the building of the terminal station
Tonne – kilometer(tkm) - Unit of measurement representing the movement of one tonne of capacity available in a wagon when performing services for which it is primarily intended over one kilometer.
Train- kilometer - Unit of measurement representing the movement of a train over one kilometer.
Maritime transport - Any movement of goods and/or passengers using merchant ships on journeys, which are undertaken wholly or partly at sea.
Statistical port - A statistical port consists of one or more ports, normally controlled by a single port authority, able to record ship and cargo movements.
Sea passenger - Any person who makes a sea journey on a merchant ship.
Passenger-kilometer - Unit of measurement representing the movement of one passenger in a merchant ship over one kilometer.
Goods carried by sea - Any goods conveyed by merchant ships.
Port of loading - The port at which a consignment of goods was loaded onto the ship from which it is unloaded at the reporting port.
Port of unloading - The port at which a consignment of goods, loaded onto a ship at the reporting port, is to be unloaded from the same ship.
TEU - A statistical unit based on an ISO container of 20 foot length (6.10 m) to provide a standardized measure of containers of various capacities and for describing the capacity of container ships or terminals. One 20 Foot ISO container equals 1 TEU.
Air transport - Any movement of goods and/or passengers on an aircraft movement.
Airport - A defined area of land or water (including any buildings, installations and equipment) intended to be used either wholly or in part for the arrival, departure and surface movement of aircraft and open for commercial air transport operations.
Airline - An aviation enterprise operating aircraft for commercial purposes which (i) performs scheduled or nonscheduled air transport services, or both, which are available to the public for carriage of passengers, mail, and /or cargo and (ii) is certified for such purposes by the civil aviation authority of the state in which it is established.
Passenger air service - Scheduled or non-scheduled air service performed by aircraft carrying one or more revenue passengers and any flights listed in published timetables as open to passengers.
All-freight and mail air service - Scheduled or non-scheduled air service performed by aircraft carrying revenue loads other than revenue passengers, i.e. freight and mail.
Flight number (aircraft) - A flight number is the primary published flight number assigned by the air transport operator to the flight. Passengers using a flight by an aircraft may be travelling under a range of different flight numbers.